The world wants to explore more about our neighbor moon and create a research camp there is one of our dreams. return of humans to the moon for long term exploration and utilization, followed by human missions to mars and other destinations is a great goal.
The Buraq mission will focus mainly on landing a rover to explore and quantitatively assess a local region on moon’s surface as a potential habitat for life, past and present.
1- Assess the biological potential of the targeted environment by determine possible water existence in the pool identify features that may represent the effect of biological processes
2- Characterize the geology and geochemistry of the landing reason at all appropriate spatial scales:
Geochemical and mineralogical study of lunar surface and subsurface geological materials.
Interpret the processes that have formed and modified rocks
3- Investigate planetary processes of relevance to past habitability, including the role of water.
4- Characterize the broad spectrum of surface radiation, including galactic cosmic radiation, solar proton events, and secondary neutrons.
5- investigate planetary orbit from the moon’s perspective to more accurately …. some things to be found
6- investigate possible existence of groundwater in the south pole or finding underground water
7- have ideas about moon’s geological past by studying ice’s sample ( Absolute dating).
8- Perfect area for research camp
- The mission will be as followed
the lunch will take a place at Wallops Island Flight Facility
Operated by Goddard Space Flight Center, this is NASA's principal facility for suborbital research programs.
2- going rotate into earth’s orbit until taking to the right escape velocity and use earth’s gravity to boost the rocket speed
3 - a spinning curse stage where the rocket load is deployed where the load and the proper communication tools are deployed,
4- after the cruse reaches the moon will perform a 360 degree trajectory correction in order to spin close to the moon’s [south] pole like Applo 17 a capsule will be released containing the rover on the moon , guided entry and controlled powered ‘ sky crane “ descent , a 20-km diameter landing ellipse, discovery responsive for landing and 775-kg landing mass,
5- buraq surface mission
prime mission is one long term lunar investigation, latitude-independent and long lived power source,
20-km range, science payload
able high sensitive optical equipment and geradar to preform analysis
- mission plan:
Make a diagram about mission plan
- Landing sight constraints:
We have chosen the Amundsen Crater as a landing site
the landing will be on point with lat: 84°51'33.10"S, Lon 95°56'7.19"E , the landing site is safe for the landing
on this this localization there is always sun that can help the rover to charge batteries. This landing area is near:
To ice (good for sample mission and less traveling energy: Absolut dating, search for probability of primitive past life,)
To the corner of crater (great to study the geology, geomorphology, stratigraphy of the site.
Geomorphology of the landing site great for landing because it’s like a plain. So the rover will be able to land safely and travel easily at the Amundsen Crater.
- Rover Qualifications:
Vehicle Capabilities in Extreme Conditions
Traffic ability “Go To” Requirements
Vehicle Performance Characteristics – Higher Latitudes
table of Engineering requirements
Onboard instrumentation needed for the mission to find metals or unique underground geographical structures to find potential resources for later investments
- tools in the rover:
Alpha particle x-ray spectrometer:
* by using this method on the rover can easily sample loads on the moon’s surface. And transmit the results back to earth
Georadar and tomography lab inside the rover to study lunar subsurface.
-Measuring hydrogen :
- using onboard telescopes to preform special imaging on the rover
- Resources :
https://www.nasa.gov/topics/moon-to-mars/overview Moon to mars overview
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamic_Albedo_of_Ne... Dan’s instruments on curiosity rover
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