Living on Mars may soon be a fact. colonies need a power source. The most compatible power source is photovoltaic system. The sun is available but weather conditions are necessary to be considered. average temperature is -63, pressure is 4-8.6 mb, atmosphere is very thin (1% thickness of Earth's). Atmosphere contains a lot of dust, gases and water ice clouds.
To design a technology that helps people live on Mars, we developed a model that helps to design photovoltaic systems. The model used feed-forward back-propagation artificial neural network to predict solar radiation in terms of longitude, latitude, time of the day, temperature, altitude, pressure, amount of dust and volume mixing ratio of water ice clouds. The source of Data is Mars Climate Database (MCD). In (MCD), the data sets are based on observations of the Martian atmosphere from April 1999 to July 2013 made by different orbiting instruments: The Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) aboard Mars Global Surveyor, The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) aboard Mars Odyssey, and the Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) aboard Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). In (MCD), they have access to the daily evolution of Martian Atmospheric dust loading as well as to the daily evaluation of the EUV received at Mars from the sun for Mars years 24 to 31 (earth years 1999 to 2013). The associated outputs correspond to the best representation of the Martian climate over these specific years.
Then we used the model to determine the best locations for installing photovoltaic systems and determined the solar belt which is found to be be between latitudes 20°S to 15°N.
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